Olive tree – Olea europaea

The Olive tree, immediately got here to thoughts when designing our Mediterranean flavoured Glen Iris challenge. The Olive, identified by the botanical title Olea europaea, which means “European olive”, is a species of small tree within the household Oleaceae.

The oldest cultivated tree in existence, the Olive tree can dwell for 1000’s of years.

Olives are extensively planted in gardens however should not at all times grown for his or her fruit. This productive, long-lived evergreen tree from the Mediterranean can also be valued in gardens for its attractiveness and warmth and drought tolerance. Younger Olive bushes have slender trunks and silver inexperienced leaves. Reaching 5 to 7 metres excessive they’re used as shade bushes or as hedges or espalier and will be grown as potted vegetation or as topiary specimens.

Ideally suited to a Mediterranean local weather, Olives are versatile and may develop in cool zones and in addition in elements of the subtropics. That being stated, extreme frosts can injury Olives and in humid areas they’re extra susceptible to pest and illness issues. Most Olives require round 200 hours of seasonal chilling earlier than flowering and fruiting happens.

Olives develop finest with a barely alkaline (pH 7-8) well-draining soil. Olives will be grown in giant containers however pot-grown vegetation should not as productive as these grown and managed within the floor.

Olives flower in early spring. Bushes take three to 5 years of development till they produce their first harvest and most solely turn out to be totally productive after eight or 9 years.

Essentially the most extensively grown varieties for gardens are ‘Kalamata’, a twin objective black olive suited to both pickling or urgent, ‘Manzanillo’ a big inexperienced fruiting olive, ‘Verdale’ which is used both for pickling or urgent, and ‘Nevadillo Blanco,’ a heavy cropping black olive that’s the widest grown oil-producing olive in Spain.

As gorgeous as they’re sensible, the Olive tree brings a a lot wanted Mediterranean panache to our Glen Iris challenge. A plant we might undoubtedly advocate for these in search of a hearty, engaging tree so as to add some worldwide tradition and spice to their panorama.


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